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Sculpture Methods and Techniques SCULPTURE METHODS

Sculpture Methods and Techniques


Sculptures are decorative forms of art that have been in existence for centuries. They can be used to tell a story or represent the socio-cultural beliefs of a certain community. There are six key methods and techniques of carving. They include bronze casting, stone carving, wood carving, ivory carving, modeling clay, and wax modeling. To read more information about Comprehensive approach to design sculptures, click at

1. Bronze Casting

Bronze is an alloy that contains a mixture of other metals such as tin and copper or zinc and lead. Bronze is extremely strong and durable. Any work of art carved out of it can last for centuries if it is preserved well. There are two main methods of bronze casting: Sand casting and Lost-wax casting. Sand casting technique uses compacted fine sand molds while Lost-wax casting uses wax models and can be done in two ways; through the direct and indirect methods. During the direct process, the original wax used is destroyed whereas in indirect method plaster molds are obtained from the original wax and reused several times.

2. Stone Carving

Sculptors have been making carvings out of stones for centuries. Notably, every region used different types of stones to accomplish their artwork. Marble was originally used in Italy before it was exported to Northern Europe. Limestone was also used in Europe with alabaster stones being popular in countries like Germany, England, and Spain. The heaviness of stones gives the resulting sculptures a better stability. Different tools are used in the stone carving process to produce varying results. Amason’s axes cut out the basic shape, roughing tools such as picks are used to make deep and uneven groves and finer details are made using flat chisels. Rasps and rifflers are used to smooth the surfaces before the final polish is applied.

3. Wood Carving

Regional availability of the types of wood is the key determinant in making different carvings. Softwoods are easier to carve compared to hardwoods such as oak. The wood carving process is the same as that undertaken when carving out a sculpture from a stone. A sandpaper is normally used to smooth the surfaces and rough edges. Sculptors have to always look out for the cracks and burrow that might comprise the appearance of the final carving. Finally, it can be painted or coated with transparent glazes with a tint of different colors such as brown.

Sculpture Methods and Techniques

4. Ivory Carving

Ivories are hard, white creamy substances obtained from animals. An example is the elephant’s tusks. The substance has a high value and it was mostly used to carve religious and secular objects. Other sources of ivory include rhino horns and the bones of the Atlantic Walrus and Finner whale.

5. Modeling Clay

Unlike the other raw materials needed by sculptors, clay is extremely cheap and readily available. It is versatile, therefore, can be easily modeled into any desirable work of art. Sculptures made from clay must be cooked. The firing process makes it stronger to withstand additional finishing touches. Cooked clay is known as “Terracotta.”

6. Wax Modeling

Wax modeling is a unique form of art that results in the creation of amazing sculptures. As seen earlier, it also acts as an intermediary in other techniques such as in bronze casting. Just like clay, the wax is also versatile and can be modeled into any form of art. Oil paints are used to create a desirable skin tone and highlight outstanding facial features. Unfortunately, the entire process of wax modeling is tedious and expensive. Quality wax sculptures appear so real just like it is shown in the image below. If you do not have a keen eye you might not be able to differentiate a real person from a carving if you are walking in a Wax Sculptures Museum. To get further information about sculptures at museum, click here.


It is for a fact that carvings are beautiful works of art. There are different techniques and methods of creating them. They include bronze casting, stone, wood, and ivory carving, modeling clay and wax modeling. Apart from telling a story, they can also bring an aesthetic value to your home or office.…

Artifact Sculpture: from ancient times to the Present Day Sculpture of ancient times

Artifact Sculpture: from ancient times to the Present Day

For those who do not know what an artifact sculpture is, this word is defined as an object that was made by man – it can be a tool or a work of art, clothing or decoration; most importantly an object that is of archeological interest. To read about Some examples of remarkable works for art lovers, click at

Ancient artifact

Ancient artifacts are both rare and extraordinary, and they grant abilities that are far beyond the scope of technology. They are also invariably old — it is believed that the older, the better. Newly invented super-science devices, no matter how awesome, cannot usually compete with ancient artifacts. Most artifacts are unique. This means each artifact is one of its own kinds. In fantasy world, the tools and weapons of gods are the textbook example of ancient artifacts. In a non-fantasy world, artifacts are frequently forgotten ancient technology of lost civilization.

Artifacts of the present

In today’s world, creation of artifact sculpture is not just an art. It needs years of practice and commitment to become a professional artifact sculptor. The main uses of modern day artifact sculpting have been in the field of architecture. It is either formed as a part of the interior or exterior of the buildings itself or has been placed against or near the building as an adjunct to it. Nowadays, artifact sculptures are common for ceremonial as well as ritualistic items such as bishop’s croziers, censers, tabernacles, sacred book covers etc. Further information about power of rituals in life can be obtained by clicking here.

Artifact Sculpture: from ancient times to the Present Day

Artifact sculpture carving

There are several materials that are used in the field of artifact sculpture. The ancient history sculptors might be using stones, wood, wax or ivory. Stones and ivory are not necessarily easy materials to use as they are heavy and hard to control. This is the reason the modern day sculptor uses mostly wood. It is easy to control. The important part of artifact sculpting is selecting the right tool for carving. Whatever material you use, the principle of carving remains the same. Every project starts with the mass of material. The main job of a sculptor is to reduce this mass into a desired form.

Tools and techniques

Tools and techniques mainly depend on the type of material you are using. It is guessed that the ancient time sculptors might have been using natural sharp stony objects to create their masterpieces. Professional sculptors of the modern era use tools made of steel because they are easy to help them carve into wooden material. Using each tool needs a specific level of professionalism as the materials used for sculpting are hard and very rigid.

General methods

Ancient time artifacts did not have any processes or techniques involved. They were just pieces of art that were made by the ancient time historians. Present day sculpting techniques conform to the following methods – commission, preparation, forming, surfacing and installation of the artifact. The main part of a modern day artifact sculptor’s work is to shape the material. Some sculptors also use revolutionized metals in recent years. A combination of welding and forging techniques are also used.


Ancient artifact sculptures are considered as sacred pieces of art because of the techniques and tools, sacred powers or rituals that might have been used. Present day artifact sculptures are considered sacred because of the professionalism, implementation, idea imagery, designing and craftsmanship.…

Comprehensive approach to design sculptures sculptures design

Comprehensive approach to design sculptures


Sculptures are artifacts made through different process. Their reflections and portrayal serves different purposes. They are usually found in archives. There are two types of sculptures designing approach, the add system where there’s increase in materials to create a form and decreasing one where deductions are made to make sculpture. Consider the following steps on making a sculpture.

How to add up Sculptures

Step 1. Draw a sketch

Make drawings using many angles of the sculpture you want to make. It doesn’t have to be perfect of from an artist. Its main purpose is to provide guidance and directions to you. Take note on the areas that needs more concentration. To read more information about sculpture angles, click here.

Step 2. Stable foundation

Construct a stable foundation using your material. Can be clay, stone, wood etc. Make sure its going to resist the weight gauge of your sculpture. In this case you can also use sticks or wire to offer support to the parts of your sculpture.

Step 3. Form filling

Start with filling the under layer surface first using your desirable material. The under layer serves a purpose of cutting cost on material and weight. Material that can be used in filling are newspapers, aluminum foil or any desirable material you have.

Step 4. The filing process

Put together the filler and your immature so that the visuality of your sculpture can come through. Then start adding your large sculpting material to the smallest. Always add more but reduce less.

Step 5. Adding of details

Have a detailed adding plan. Immediately you finish up with the form, begin blending, smoothing , carving and producing fine detail. It can include eyes, nose, hair etc.

Step 6. Add textures

Insert textures to your sculptures using your own tools to make it appear real. If you want to read more information about Some examples of remarkable works for art lovers, click at

Comprehensive approach to design sculptures

Step 7. Its the baking process

Follow the producer instructions of your material. Baking process allow your sculpture to dry up.

Step 8. Enhancement stage

Tint your sculpture using a desirable shade. You can also mix media as it enhances your sculpture making it more real. You can use clothing, synthetic fibers to represent hair. You can also included other extra interest.

The other method is the reducing of Sculptures.

Step 1. Draw a sketch

Make a drawing of your sculpture. Also produce a version of your sculpture eg clay. Take measurement from the drawing making measurement marks on the clay. Always leave a room for adjusting.

Step2. Carving the basic form

Use your marked elements from the sculpture. Take note on leaving a room to make adjustments. You can take basic measurements from you sculpture.

Step 3. Measurement stage

Use a sharp measurement sculpture tools sketch jotting measurements on the material machine.

Step 4. Carving stage

Carve in the sculpture details. Chip away the material and make even details using tools appropriate for.

Step 5. Enhancement stage

Smoothen and blend in your sculpture surface and add any beauty to it. Be keen on this step. Don’t miscalculate and enjoy your sculpture.

Final thought

Sculpture making is an easy task. It only require one to be keen and cautious enough. Also when making sculptures avoid using non eco-friendly materials that will endanger your health.…

Some examples of remarkable works for art lovers art lovers

Some examples of remarkable works for art lovers

I am an art lover. Always been. For me, a work of art needs to have two properties: technical mastery and most important, a high degree of creative imagination. What I am looking for as I study a work,is how the artist mixed and put together the materials, the way the creative process molded and configured raw ingredients and transform them into a beautiful piece that makes you sigh. Read more information about Comprehensive approach to design sculptures by clicking at

To love a piece of art is like answering the question “what makes you fall in love with some body else?” You can answer this question by saying that the other person has an effect on your senses that you cannot control. For an art lover is the same, a painting, a sculpture, a small clay craft,a movie, any kind of art produces a wave of effects in my senses that I just can’t control. These effects outperform my rational thinking and put me in a state of total enjoyment.

Painting, easiest way for an art lover to visual enjoy

Without a doubt, the art of painting is probably one of the best ways for an art lover to obtain instantaneous visual rewards. Let’s take for example the art of Gustav Klimt, an Austrian painter who died in 1918. He was noted for his paintings, where his primary subject was the female body. “The Kiss” (1909) depicts an intimate moment, a love scene with a high degree of tenderness and affection. The bright yellows, golds and reds frame the lovers in a posture that at its time was regarded even as pornographic. Of course, by no means is it. An art paint that makes you want to be with your loved one. To get information about some painting techniques and tips, click here.

Some examples of remarkable works for art lovers

Sculpture, the intense visual art

This is a very vast art concept. To an entry-level art lover,a statue is the most representative form of the art sculpture. But, you can easily find sculptures anywhere you look around. You have, of course, traditional art sculptures from great artists like Michelangelo, Donatello, Rodin, etc. or more contemporary artists like Koons or Kapoor. But let’s focus on urban art sculpture that you can find in many large cities around the world. A great artist from this line of art is Issac Cordal, a Spanish artist whose work is based in the urban environment. His works are remarkable, intriguing, original, and mainly disruptive. For an art lover, his installments produce a tsunami of effects of all kinds in your senses. His “Cement Bleak” urban installation, are faces modeled on a grid of several colanders projecting their shadows on the pavement.

Jewelry, precious art

Art jewelry is all about creative expression and design. The use of precious materials such as gold, silver, and gemstones is only a branch of this art. The modernist jewelry involves all sort of materials from wires, leather, cheap and expensive gems,plastic, etc. that are involved to create works. The art output when all this is transform, molded and put together in pieces of art could be breathtaking and inspiring. Necklaces, bracelets, rings, belts, earrings and more when made as a form of art artifacts, impact deeply to the true art lover.

Artworks are broad, these were only three examples of art branches that are easily identifiable and enjoyable, you don’t need to know anything about the artist to be delighted whit his or her work, just let your senses embrace the moment, and the feelings you get don’t try to control them, just let them rush through your mind.…

Practice and Principles on creation of artifact Sculpture artifact Sculpture

Practice and Principles on creation of artifact Sculpture

Creation of artifact sculpture is not just an art. It need years of practice and commitment to become a professional artifact sculptor. First of all, it is important to know the meaning of this particular work. An artifact could be any object shaped or made by a human. On the other hand, a sculpture is the art of shaping figures done by a sculptor. It took many years of my life to figure out how to put these two terms together in a meaningful way. Lots and lots of traveling is also necessary. I actually am an addict to traveling. I was able to visit some of world’s best artifact sculptures and to study them closely thanks to my addiction. On the other hand, there are also some important principles to understand as well. If you are interested in getting information about Some examples of remarkable works for art lovers, click at

The pattern

First of all, you have to understand that creation of artifact sculpture has a certain pattern. This pattern contains some important events. The first event is the preparation; next one is the submission and then there is acceptance of the design; the selection and preparation of materials comes next; the forming of materials is the next step; surface finishing could be your next important task after that the final stage, which is installation or presentation of the artifact. To read more information about sculpture patterns, click here.

Practice and Principles on creation of artifact Sculpture


There are several materials we use in the field of artifact sculpture. It could be stones, woods or perhaps even ivory. I myself prefer wood. Stones are not an easy material to use as they are heavy and hard to control. Using stones also need a good financial support. On the other hand, wood is the easier to control. Whatever material you use; you have to have precious suitable tools. If you have right tools, you can go for the next step of the project, the carving. The main principle of carving remains the same for almost all kinds of materials. Every project starts with a mass of materials. The job of sculptor is the reduce it artistically to represent the desired form. Usually, the sculptor creates the outer limits first. When the work progresses, surface details, including even the smaller once, come in to view. Then come the finishing touches which finalize the job. If you have a guiding model (could be a picture), the job become much easier for you.

Tools and techniques

Carving tools and techniques entirely depends upon the materials you use for your job. It also can differ from sculptor to sculptor. Professional sculptors usually develop tools and techniques which are unique to themselves. Basically, stones are carved with tools made of steels. There are other tools and processes too which are used to polish and give finishing touches to a stone sculpture. Woods are also carved with tools made of steel. But there are some different set of tools and processes to use when the wok is progressing.


There is also a term called modeling in the modern day sculpture field. In this form, the sculpture grows from inside. Sculptors who use this method usually use numerous plastic materials to build their sculptures. Other than that, synthetic resins, concrete and even clay can be used as a media for modeling.…